Utah's oldest and most visited
national park, Zion National Park is located in southwestern Utah.
of the park's 147,000 acres are located within Washington County; however,
the extreme eastern section of the park is in Kane County, while the
park's northern tip extends into Iron County. Zion Canyon is located
on the southern part of the Markagunt Plateau. It is cut by tributaries
of the Virgin River which have left eroded canyon walls and monoliths
that are beautiful and overpowering.
Canyon presents a diverse collection of nature's wonders that include
such features as the towering and magnificent 2,200-foot Great White
Throne, the park's most famous landmark; the Court of the Patriarchs;
the Sentinel; the Watchman; Checkerboard Mesa; Kolob Arch, at 310 feet
the world's largest known natural span; and the Narrows of the Virgin
River, where a person can walk upstream to places so narrow that both
sides of the canyon walls can almost be touched with one's outstretched
within Zion National Park's 229 square miles is a spectacular cliff-and-canyon
landscape and wilderness full of the unexpected including Kolob Arch
-the world's largest arch - with a span that measures 310 feet. Zion
National Park is full of beautiful colors, scenery and wildlife.
Wildlife such as mule deer,
golden eagles, and mountain lions, also inhabit the Park. Mukuntuweap
National Monument proclaimed July 31, 1909; incorporated in Zion National
Monument March 18, 1918; established as a national park on Nov. 19, 1919.
early visitor to Zion Canyon, Frederick S. Dellenbaugh, an artist who
had been with John Wesley Powell on his second trip down the Grand Canyon
in 1872, spent part of the summer of 1903 painting in Zion Canyon. The
paintings were exhibited at the 1904 St. Louis World's Fair and an article
about Zion Canyon, "A New Valley of Wonders," was published
by Dellenbaugh in the January 1904 issue of Scribner's Magazine. In
the article, Dellenbaugh described his first view of the Great Temple,
which stands at the entrance to Zion Canyon: "One hardly knows
just how to think of it. Never before has such a naked mountain of rock
entered our minds. Without a shred of disguise it transcendent form
rises pre-eminent. There is almost nothing to compare to it. Niagara
has the beauty of energy; the Grand Canyon of immensity; the Yellowstone
of singularity; the Yosemite of altitude; the ocean of power; this Great
Temple of eternity."